You must be concerned about your laptop security while using it in your daily lives– including work, business, entertainment, or education. This is because of using the internet here and there, especially when you complete a task by connecting to a public WiFi network.
However, most hackers trap to attack the sensitive information contained in your laptops. For example– personal data, bank account details, email accounts, passwords, and other confidential resources. Nothing to worry about! In this article, we’ll explain how to protect your laptop from hackers differently.
Only the best practices can keep you out of cyber-attacks including threats, malware, ransomware, and data theft. Besides, you should know about the hackers, how they attack and why. Let’s defend them right now–
Computer hackers are a group of people who gain unauthorized access to internet-connected devices– such as desktop PCs, laptops, and smartphones. Their primary intention is to steal your sensitive files, data, or information. Some hackers also target their minds to read, modify, and delete this sensitive various data– for example, financial information and a company’s secret police.
They can hack a device through your network, email, or instant chat to access and control your device. Hackers may have different intentions that including claiming a huge amount of money after a malware, malicious, or ransomware attack.
However, you may also find the people called white hat hackers. Who find security breaches and fix them for any particular company or organization. In that case, they have to hack a system with the consent of that organization. The purpose is to identify flaws and protect the system from black-hat hackers.
Laptops come in a lightweight size and portable shape to ensure transportability over bulky desktop computers. They allow you to move and work remotely with minimal WiFi connectivity. Hackers find their way when you use these public networks with unique vulnerabilities. They can theft your information using unsecured networks.
There is a lot of malware in this social engineering and this sound alarming to promote hacking activities over the public network infrastructure. As you know, many premises have lower security mechanisms to protect other people’s devices. Their main objective is to provide internet connectivity, not security.
You can protect your laptop’s data and information from hackers that may include financial, marketing, and customer data. Of course, despite the prevalence of many hackers around the world. All you need to follow some of the best practices. No matter how small or big your business size is.
In recent days, most hackers target small business entities instead of giant companies. This is just because of poor security systems on their computer systems. Since small business owners rarely deploy expensive security resources at a high cost.
We’re to recommend some best practices and tips explaining how to protect your laptop from hackers as safeguards:
1. Use a Firewall
A firewall is a hardware and software security system that monitors and controls data transmission over public networks. They’re designed to create a virtual barrier between trusted and untrusted traffic by following different rules. The firewalls also prevent unauthorized access to your working computer and notify in case of intrusion attempts.
You should enable the firewall before going online, from network security settings. If you’re a macOS and Windows operating system user their built-in firewall application at no cost. But, if you’re dealing with highly confidential data then in-built ones is enough alone.
2. Install Antivirus Software
Anti-virus software plays a key role to protect your laptop from hackers, threats, and viruses. They provide you with real-time threat protection to your computer files, including automatic updates. This is only happened to defend against viruses every day.
You must run an automatic scan or schedule to keep the system virus-free. You can find them on your local market or the internet, such as Panda, Avast, Malwarebytes, Kaspersky, etc. They detect the viruses that harm your regular activity with easy-to-spot viruses that may slow your computer and operating system. You’ll some files invisible or deleted due to a virus attack.
3. Use Strong Passwords
A secure and strong password is a crucial method to prevent unauthorized access, intrusion, and data theft. It keeps intruders away from accessing your system or any particular website to log in. hackers can break and access your laptop easily using brute-force attract or password guessing.
Hence, try to set a complex and long password, it must contain eight characters at least. Besides, your password should be a combination of letters(upper+lower case), numbers, and special characters. For example [email protected]#. Remember, never use your name, birthday, phone number, or old password, it’s bad practice.
4. Keep OS and Application Updated
Many cyber security experts also recommend installing new updates to the operating system and application you’re using. These updates include security features that might help hackers to access your system. A similar theory works for the old applications and browsers you use as well.
Web browsers tend to exploit privacy and security in many cases, an up-to-date browser can save your sophisticated data. There are some browser updates to prevent tracking from an unsure website and third-party phishing sites. Apart from installing updates, you can review the browser security settings to ensure maximum privacy.
5. Ignore Spam Carefully
Avoid spam email messages from anonymous or unknown sources. In this case, we suggest not to click on links or attachments that may contain spamming tools from hackers. Some phishing mail contains mimic person and messages and posed as your friend and family member. Therefore, keep an eye and be alert for anything that looks fishy.
6. Backup Computer Data
If your laptop has sensitive information, including highly sophisticated data you should think about a backup policy. Keep a backup version of your storage drive(HDD/SSD) in the cloud platform. Many companies offer free backup storage systems like Google Drive, OneDrive, iCloud, MediaFire, iDrive, etc. You can also buy their premium plan for accessing more space.
So you can retrieve the files once your laptop is hacked. However, you should also keep a backup schedule for your website database on a weekly basis. Later, you can restore the data and information at minimum cost.
7. Use two-factor authentication
Take advantage of two-factor authentication to your computer system and other applications. In recent days, many operating systems, apps, and websites allow you to set the second level of privacy besides the password. Hackers can hardly log into the system with the passcode alone since the systems send an OPT(one-time password) to your email or phone. It’s possible to access the system only when the OTP matches.
There are a few other things we listed here to prevent hacking:
- Encrypt your files before sending a recipient, so a person needs the encrypted keys to open that file. In general, you can do this with Windows(BitLocker) and macOS(FileVault) drives and USB flash drives also.
- You can also prevent unauthorized access to the laptop using VPN software. As it provides a secure transmission channel over the public internet.
- We discourage using unsecured public Wi-Fi because they have no security. Result hackers get a prime target to attack your device.
- If you think you opened or clicked the spamming link from the browser, clear the browsing history, including the session, cookies, and cache.
Here is a list of some popular hacker protection software that includes mid-high-level security. Some have multiple functions to prevent threats:
- Windows Defender Advanced Threat protection
- Enhanced Mitigation Experience Toolkit
- Trojan remover
- Malwarebytes Anti-malware solution
- McAfee Security scan plus
- Hitman Pro, and so on.
Securing windows 10 from hackers is an easy task. we described many tips and tricks for almost every computing system. They can prevent malware, trojan, spyware, etc., to protect your personal and company information.
FAQs on How To Protect Your Laptop From Hackers
How Do I Know If My Laptop Is Hacked?
Unfortunately, there is no clear sign when somebody hacks your computer or laptop. You may experience pop-up windows frequently promoting you to visit unusual sites. Many companies force to purchase their antivirus software in this way.
Besides, you’ll find your laptop crash or has slower performance than before. Well, you may also get thousands of emails in your inbox folder containing the wired message.
Does Shutting Down Computers Stop Hackers?
In a nutshell, yes. You can stop the hacker’s access by shutting down your computer temporarily. As they need two things, one is power and another is active internet connectivity. Only then they can gain access to your devices to enter.
Sometimes, they install different hacking tools through your browser, which they can access later. You should clear the browsing history(session, cookies, and cache) in this situation.
Can Hackers See Your Screen?
Yes, they can see your laptops or computer screen using some robust spamming tools. They can take control of your activity until you’ll take any necessary step against the attack. First, the hackers target you using email, Facebook, or another messaging platform that contains spam software. You start seeing your screen once you’ve installed them as soon as possible.
The consequences of this hacking can reveal your personal and private information. Most experts suggest installing a new operating or clean browning data to avoid data theft.
Can Hackers Hear You?
Listen, if hackers can access your computer screen then obviously listening to you is no big deal. As they have full control of your PC when already have screen access. So, they can hear you likewise they can see your display and camera. They can record your voice or conversation with other people.
Can Someone Watch Me Through My Laptop Camera?
Like we said earlier, hackers can watch you through the web camera on the top. It’s an easy task for them once you let them access your system anyhow. It happened basically when you click, open, or install a hacking mechanism subconsciously.
How Do Hackers Know My Password?
The most popular hacking technique they use for holding passwords is malware attacks. Besides, they also take lots of advantage of phishing remains as a prime vector. It’s a trap for the victims once they click and install that malicious software with no consent.
Can A Laptop Be Hacked Through WiFi?
Yes, of course. It’s possible to hack a laptop using a WiFi LAN connection. They target the devices that are connected under the unsecured router or public network. That later leads hackers to attack the security breaches. However, you can present this accuracy by deploying in-class internet security. Thus, you can protect your desktop, laptops, or smartphones.
Do Disabling WiFi Stop Hackers?
Yes, Disabling WiFi access points can stop almost hacking operations. As some attackers target your network weakness by injecting malicious. When you’re in doubt simply disconnect all the network devices that are connected to the internet. Thus, you can prevent the risk of attack.
How Do Hackers Get Your Email Address?
Hackers somehow collect your email, especially they target you when doing financial transactions over a public network. Another most common way is the phishing scheme since they’re easy to operate and affordable to reach your laptop.
Will Changing My Password Stop Hackers?
Yes, you can stop hacking by changing your password or any particular password. It prevents access to your account if you change them at once. Besides, you should also update the passwords regularly to improve system security.
In this condition, you can use 2-factor authentication for extra safety. Additionally, the new password should be complex with a combination of alpha-numeric-special characters, for example, A-Z, a-z, 0-1, and @#$%&.
Why Email Is Not Secure?
Email is not secure because they’re not encrypted. As a result, when you send a email hackers can read, charge, and delete posing as a third-party user. Of course instead of main recipients. Another reason is the ‘broadcast’ communication system– for transmitting email from a source to another destination.
So there are lots of opportunities we have from the computer, laptops, and the internet. Besides, we have some downsides too, including various hacking activities and cybercrimes. Hackers may attack anybody of you whether you’re a personal internet user or operating a company system. They mostly attack laptop users since they’re easy to target through LAN.
However, we can solve these problems now. All you need to know is how to protect your laptop from hackers by following some best practices. In the above, we tried to provide an idea about network potential threats and security solutions. It’s time to keep hackers far away!
Henry is a technical advisor of a network-based institution in New York that provides internet service to its clients. He has achieved Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science and Engineering and has been in the service for seven years. As part of his job, he needs to keep updated information on computers and different technologies. In this line, he always keeps himself updated with the latest technologies and devices.